the play stage, children understand behaviours as actual roles- doctor, firefighter, and race-car driver and so on and begin to take on those roles in their play. In this period corporal punishment did not have the stigma which is does today, but none the less people would not suffer at the hands of an overly cruel master for long. These figures tell us a great deal, we can see that many adolescents used the relative freedom of service to experiment sexually. The self may be defined as ones awareness of and ideas and attitudes about his own personal and social identity. During Meads third stage, the game stage, the child must learn what is expected not just by one other person but by a whole group. The child must learn the expectations of the society so that his behaviour can be relied upon. But the child has no self. Theories of Socialisation : Development of Self and Personality : Personality takes shape with the emergence and development of the self. Hence, socialisation continues beyond and outside the family environment.
Therefore, this meant that, there was not the system of schools that there is today which children attend from the age of about five, which in turn meant that there was not the same scope for children to interact with other children, or adults other. The child conceives of himself as better or worse in varying degrees, depending upon the attitudes of others towards him. Socialisation is the process of fitting individuals into particular forms of group life, transforming human organism into social being sand transmitting established cultural traditions. The other main type of service at this time was as an apprentice to a craftsman, however this was usually beyond the means of the majority of the labouring classes because parents had to pay to get their children into an apprenticeship. The last stage, from about age 12 to age 15, is the stage of formal operations. In the past century sociologists and psychologists proposed a number of theories to explain the concept of self.
When there is conflict between the ideas, examples and skills transmitted in home and those transmitted by school or peer, socialisation.
En Schools as the secondary area of socialisation can influence children s perceptions about gender roles.
What has become abundantly obvious in research is that the best socialisation of children happens between parents and children.
In his latest book, Professor Adrian Furnham investigates the economic socialisation of children and adolescents.
When children learn to attach meanings to their behaviour, they have stepped outside themselves. This is a timely message for so many parents who are increasingly relying on professionals, be they educators, psychologists, or self help books. Hendrick, The history of childhood and youth Social History 9, 1 (1984 87-96. Another downside of service was that of the adolescents which went into apprenticeships with craftsmen. By this stage, children have gained a social identity. The Three-part self: Freuds theory is based on a three-part self; the id, the ego, and the superego.