like a catalog of lost peoples. The Spartans and Thespians had taught Greece and the world an enduring lesson about courage in the face of impossible odds. That was probably the occasion for instituting state burial for war dead, a democratic measure that anticipated the reforms at the end of the 460s. In the early part of the 2nd century BCE, Hellenizing Jews came into control of the high priesthood itself. Finally, Epicurus's recommendation of withdrawal from public life was not likely to earn his philosophy wide acceptance among an aristocracy which saw politics as a worthy and noble endeavor. Syracuse enjoyed a moderate democracy thereafter, disturbed only by a native rebel, Ducetius, whom it took surprisingly long to put down. But the move may have happened earlier.) Nonliterary evidence also points in the direction of a peace: the evidence of inscriptions makes it probable that no tribute was levied in 448. Thucydides speaks impressively but unspecifically about the cost of the expedition (he does report at one point that the Syracusans had spent 2,000 talents an Athenian inscription is usually interpreted as showing that in a single transaction 3,000 talents was set aside for Sicily, though. The horses on the frieze would be a difficulty if the idea was to recall the battle in a literal way, because the battle was definitely not a cavalry affair; but it has been ingeniously suggested that the horses were intended to suggest heroic status. Slaves were always considered a dangerous weapon of war, but they occasionally figure prominently in descriptions of political struggle within cities; for example, at Corcyra in 427 the slaves were promised freedom by both sides but went over to the democrats.
Religiously more conservative than the Pharisees, they rejected the idea of a revealed oral interpretation of the Torah, though, to be sure, they had their own tradition, the sefer gezerot book of decrees" or "decisions. It is worth asking whether such distinction between necessary and unnecessary projects is too sharp: there was a sense in which the trireme, a noble achievement of human techn (art or craft was an object of legitimate pride, which might have its aesthetic aspect. Cimon inherited this debt and, according to Diodorus, some of his father's unserved prison sentence in order to obtain his body for burial. It was on their return from Doris that the Spartans finally came to blows with Athens at Tanagra in Boeotia (458). Spartan recovery At this point the balance of the war began to tilt again in Spartas favour: Brasidas arrived, on his way to the north, and saved Megara by a whisker.
BC) or Kimon k a m n Greek:, Kimn) was an Athenian statesman and general in mid-5th century BC Greece.
Alcibiades was born in Athens.
His father was Cleinias, who had distinguished himself in the Persian War both as a fighter himself and by personally subsidizing the cost of a trireme.
Emerging Athenian independence The fortification of Athens.
The capture of Sestus was one manifestation of Athenian independence from Spartan leadership, which had gone unquestioned by Athens in the Persian Wars of 480479, except for one or two uneasy moments when it had seemed that Sparta was reluctant to go north of the.