The trend toward increased bureaucratization continued in the 20th century, with the public sector employing over 5 of the workforce in many Western countries. Third, there are written rules and regulations. . A general theory of bureaucracy. 29 With each subsequent Dynasty, the bureaucracy evolved.
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Explorations in Classical Sociological Theory: Seeing the Social World. In the early 19th century, Napoleon attempted to reform the bureaucracies of France and other territories under his control by the imposition of the standardized Napoleonic Code. Since employees are bound to follow the rules etc., the management process becomes easy. On the other hand, Weber also saw unfettered bureaucracy as a threat to individual freedom, with the potential of trapping individuals in an impersonal " iron cage " of rule-based, rational control. His ideal-typical bureaucracy, whether public or private, is characterized by: hierarchical organization formal lines of authority (chain of command) a fixed area of activity rigid division of labor regular and continuous execution of assigned tasks all decisions and powers specified and restricted by regulations officials. 15 16 Contents nature of Psychology Etymology and usage edit The term "bureaucracy" is French in origin and combines the French word bureau desk or office with the Greek word ( Kratos ) rule or political power. Each office in the bureaucratic organisation has specific sphere of competence. They are treated like machines and not like individuals. "China: A Teaching Workbook".
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