African Union, which aims to transform the African Economic Community, a federated commonwealth, into a state under established international conventions. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. 110 The total number of people in Africa increased from 229 million in 1950 to 630 million in 1990. The islands in the Indian Ocean are also populated primarily by people of Asian origin, often mixed with Africans and Europeans. The Kingdom of Nri was established around the ninth century and was one of the first. (1995) Egypt: Child of Africa/S V12 (Ppr), Transaction Publishers. The Spanish exclave of Melilla is surrounded on land by Morocco in Northern Africa; population and area figures are for 2001. Indian Ocean to the southeast and the, atlantic Ocean to the west. The most devastating military conflict in modern independent Africa has been the Second Congo War ; this conflict and its aftermath has killed an estimated.5 million people.
Independence movements in Africa gained momentum following World War II, which left the major European powers weakened. (subscription required) The African Decade? A person becomes AU President by being elected to the PAP, and subsequently gaining majority support in the PAP. A b c Malia Politzer, "China and Africa: Stronger Economic Ties Mean More Migration", Migration Information Source. TripAdvisor LLC is not a booking agent and does not charge any service fees to users of our site. Northern Hemisphere, with a substantial portion and number of countries in the. The union was formed, with Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, as its headquarters, on The union was officially established on 94 as a successor to the Organisation of African Unity (OAU). External links General information History News media. (2002) The Kingfisher AZ Encyclopedia, Kingfisher Publications.