North, activists responded by picketing businesses, including the Woolworth chain of stores that operated segregated lunch counters in the South. New York : Walker. For example, segregationist whites, including the Alabama legislature, refused to recognize the rulings of the federal judiciary the Music Rating System regarding school desegregation. In comparison, the 1963 March on Washington attracted 250,000 participants.
The case.S. Marshals to protect the riders during the last part of their journey. African Americans, who had been united in their support of activities such as the Montgomery bus boycott, began to diverge in their views over what political action should be taken to improve their situation. Sources: Charles Flint Kellogg, naacp, A History of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1967 August Meier and John.
A Struggle for Civil Rights
(Note: very large pdf file: 244 pages.). We will be guided by the highest principles of law and order. Washington Monument, the gathering marked a renewed commitment to self-empowerment and betterment on the part of African Americans. 2d 206, which outlawed racial segregation in bus terminals and other places of public accommodation related to interstate transportation. Our method will be that of persuasion, not coercion.