(1998 Female genital mutilation: when a cultural practice generates clinical and ethical dilemmas, Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, Neonatal Nursing, 27(1 85-91 a b Female circumcision fear as fundamentalists roll back women's rights Ben Doherty, The Sydney Morning Herald (January 25, 2012) "In Depth Reports". Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 September 2013. Gerry Mackie has suggested that, because FGM's east-west, north-south distribution in Africa meets in Sudan, infibulation may have begun there with the Meroite civilization (c. . Type 1: Often referred to as clitoridectomy, this is the partial or total removal of the clitoris (a small, sensitive and erectile part of the female genitals and in very rare cases, only the prepuce (the fold of skin surrounding the clitoris). 60 In a 2004 study, the FGM prevalence rate was.4. The movement came to be known as Ngaitana I will circumcise myself because to avoid naming their friends the girls said they had cut themselves. 1 6, the WHO defines the practice as "all procedures that involve partial or total removal of the external female genitalia, or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons." 7, in a 2013, unicef report covering 29 countries in Africa and the.
In Africa Middle Eastern countries., religious Tolerance
In Somalia it is known simply as qodob to sew. FGM is typically performed on girls between a few days old and age. In Sudan in 2010, 42 percent of women who had heard of FGM said the practice should continue. 136 The law requires anyone to report any case of mutilation or planned mutilation. 51 60 In a 2013 report, an estimated.3 of girls and women have been subjected to FGM/C. "Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) Statutes in the United States United Kingdom" (PDF). "An overview of female genital mutilation in Nigeria". 199 North America Further information: Female genital mutilation in the United States In the United States an estimated 513,000 women and girls had experienced FGM or were at risk as of 2012. 114 Over 80 of all FGMs are performed on girls under one year of age. Apart from the pain and distress involved in the procedure at the time, there can be long-term health consequences, even sometimes involving infertility. 22 195 United Arab Emirates edit The WHO mentions a study that documents FGM in the United Arab Emirates, but does not provide data. "Female Genital Mutilation Said To Be Widespread In Iraq's, Iran's Kurdistan".