The Carolingian Renaissance led to scientific and philosophical revivals in Europe. 189196 Davies Europe. 500505 Davies Europe. Golden age of monasticism edit The late 11th century/early-mid 12th century was the height of the golden age of Christian monasticism (8th-12th centuries). 236 In military affairs, the use of infantry with specialised roles increased. 855) as emperor and gave him Italy. 391393 Collins Early Medieval Europe.
The empire's law code, the Corpus Juris Civilis or "Code of Justinian was rediscovered the Influence of Fear in Northern Italy in 1070 and became widely admired later in the Middle Ages. 1384 an English theologian, was condemned as a heretic in 1415 for teaching that the laity should have access to the text of the Bible as well as for holding views on the Eucharist that were contrary to Church doctrine. 203 Military religious orders such as the Knights Templar and the Knights Hospitaller were formed and went on to play an integral role in the crusader states. "Petrarch's Conception of the 'Dark Ages. Journal of Studies on Alcohol 37 (11.