abbot, the sale of Church offices (a understanding of Concepts practice known as simony ) was an important source of income for secular leaders. Contents, background edit, in the 11th and 12th centuries, a series of popes challenged the authority of European monarchies about who had the authority to appoint invest local church officials such as bishops of cities and abbots of monasteries. One clause asserted that the deposal of an emperor was under the sole power of the pope. In England, as in Germany, a distinction was being made in the king's chancery between the secular and ecclesiastical powers of the prelates. In Henderson, Ernest. It eliminated lay investiture, while allowing secular leaders some room for unofficial but significant influence in the appointment process. 2 The crisis began when a group within the church, members of the Gregorian Reform, decided to address the sin of simony by restoring the power of investiture to the Church. Retrieved (1903). 8 In 1076 Gregory responded by excommunicating the king, removing him from the Church and deposing him as German king.
A b Blumenthal Investiture Controversy. German princes and the aristocracy were happy to hear of the king's deposition. An Introduction to Medieval Europe, 3001500. As historian Norman Cantor put it, the controversy "shattered the early-medieval equilibrium and ended the interpenetration of ecclesia and mundus ". The Church would turn the weapon of Crusade against the Holy Roman Empire under Frederick.
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Investiture controversy or, investiture contest was a conflict between church and state in medieval Europe over the ability to appoint local church.
By Philip Van Ness Myers, 1905 The.