of the April 4th decree. Sonthonax learned of this and returned to Le Cap with a large force of free men of color. They began to prepare their defenses as best they could. British General Cuyler assured British officials in London that he had "no apprehension of our successes in the West Indies." On September 19, 1793 the British landed at Jeremie. Hundreds of whites had been killed, the plantations were in ruins and the slaves were learning their military skills. Now he was in a major bind. The British Campaign Begins Sonthonax was right to expect the British to invade. Now he reappears again where he is least expected. As Toussaint told Sonthonax, "We cannot conform to the will of the Nation because from the beginning of the world we have executed the will of a King. The refugees became involved in migr politics, hoping to influence.S.
What followed over the next decade was a complex and multi-sided civil war in which Spanish and British forces also intervened. It was nearly another year before Toussaint could maneuver Sonthonax out of Saint-Domingue. Under President Thomas Jeffersons presidency, the United States cut off aid to LOuverture and instead pursued a policy to isolate Haiti, fearing that the Haitian revolution would spread to the United States. On the other hand, the free persons of color looked to France as their sole hope. The engines of emancipation had been set in motion. Britain, France, Spain and the United States did not allow citizenship to blacks. The plan was for Villatte to capture and depose Laveaux. Code Noir (Black Code) legalized the harsh treatment of slaves as property, young L Overture instead inspired kindness from those in authority over him. . He harassed the British, though he could not dislodge them from the coastal towns they held. Prior to its independence, Haiti was a French colony known. Back to Online Encyclopedia Index, known to his contemporaries as The Black Napoleon, Toussaint LOuverture was a former slave who rose to become the leader of the only successful slave revolt in modern history that created an independent state, the.
Born into slavery on May 20, 1743 in the. Toussaint wasn't ready to declare independence from France, but he did know what Hedouville was. Each group strove against the other, making strange alliances both inside the colony and with factions in France, England, the.S. This situation was complicated by the Quasi-War with FranceLOuverture continued to insist that. Many remained supporters of independence, and they welcomed the British invasion, but others, believing that the problem was the Revolution in France, became royalists, believing that if only a strong king could be put back in place, then everything could return to the old patterns. Go to Part 1 Go to Part 3 Go to Part 4 Please, comments and corrections are welcomed! They were mainly slave holding property owners. Operating under the self-assumed title of General-in-Chief of the Army, LOuverture led the French in ousting the British and then in capturing the Spanish controlled half of the island. .